This Latin word means a sheath, or sleeve. It refers to the tube of This is the outer, most prominent and the toughest of the three different membranes that invest the brain and spinal cord. It also forms the lining of the cranial cavity and the spinal canal. Looked at as a whole, the dura can be envisaged as a balloon with a long sausage skin hanging below it. Within the dura the brain and spinal cord are bathed in cerebrospinal fluid. that lines the The individual bones that comprise the spinal column are made up of a weight-bearing “body” and other components which, together, form a ring of bone, behind the body. These individual vertebrae, joined together as the spinal column, therefore, create a canal running down the entire length of the spine., retaining within it the spinal This clear, water-like fluid forms, for the most part, within the brain, more specifically inside the ventricles of the brain. Blood flows through structures inside the ventricles, called the choroid plexuses, and clear fluid is produced as a result, passing into the ventricle. This process is akin to blood flowing through the kidneys and urine being produced as a result. An important difference is that, unlike urine, the cerebrospinal fluid is not passed out of the body periodically. Instead, the fluid is re-absorbed back into the blood stream, mostly via the arachnoid granulations, into the cerebral venous sinuses. In the course of a 24-hour period, most healthy adults will produce about 500mls (or a pint) of cerebrospinal fluid, although at... and containing the The main nerve trunk running down the spinal canal and connecting the individual’s mind and consciousness to the rest of his or her body. It is about the size of a person’s little finger, in diameter. It cannot repair itself if damaged. and the nerves that issue from the cord.